Erase my tracks Quit quickly

Analyzing and understanding allows you

to defend yourself better

Contact us

What is it?

Harassment can be psychological, sexual, discriminatory or criminal. Harassment can be insidious, is not always flagrant and is not always made up of insults or hurtful comments.

Contact us


“Workplace psychological harassment means any vexatious behaviour in the form of repeated and hostile or unwanted conduct, verbal comments, actions or gestures, that affects an employee's dignity or psychological or physical integrity and that results in a harmful work environment for the employee. For greater certainty, psychological harassment includes such behaviour in the form of such verbal comments, actions or gestures of a sexual nature.” - Act respecting labour standards, art. 81.18 -


“Unlike flirting, which tends to increase self-esteem, sexual harassment diminishes the victim. It is a form of violence.” - Me Anne-Marie Plouffe, Commission des normes, de l'équité et de la santé et sécurité au travail (translation)

Sexual harassment includes, among other things, unwanted physical contact (touching, pinching, grabbing, brushing up), solicitation of unwanted sexual favours, inappropriate comments of a sexual nature, comments on the victim's body or appearance, jokes that demean the victim's sexual identity or orientation, questions on intimate / private topics, sexual suggestive looks (i.e. at the victim's sexual parts), whistling or displaying of pornography. - (Translation of a publication of the Commission des normes, de l'équité et de la santé et sécurité au travail.)

Sexual comments or behaviour in the workplace are not appropriate, even if some closeness exists between employees or the nature of the work involves nudity or intimate scenes.


Discriminatory harassment means vexatious conduct, accompanied by a connotation of discrimination with reference to one of the grounds protected by the Charter of human rights and freedoms.

For example, discrimination can be related to race, colour, sex, pregnancy, sexual orientation, gender identity, civil status, age, religion, political convictions, language, ethnic or national origin, social condition, handicap or the use of a means to cope with this handicap.
Contact us


Harassment can become criminal when the harassed person fears for their safety, whether physical, psychological or emotional and the perpetrator knows and disregards this.

Following, communicating with or spying on a person in a repeated manner can lead to charges of criminal harassment which carries sentences such as a maximum imprisonment period of 10 years.

Contact us


A sexual assault is an act of a sexual nature commited without the consent of the targeted person.

Subsection 273.1 of the Criminal Code defines consent as the voluntary agreement of the complainant to engage in sexual activity.

What is consent?

Consent is a person's voluntary agreement to sexual activity, be it touching, a sexual relation or anything else. This agreement must be free of all any constraint, abuse of power or abuse of confidence. In addition, this agreement can be withdrawn at any time or cover only certain activities. For example, a person could accept caressing but refuse penetration.

In the workplace, sexual relations obtained because of a power imbalance with a colleague or a superior can constitute a sexual assault. Since consent is not valid in this situation, this type of conduct can lead to sexual assault charges. Furthermore, threatening a person in order to obtain something, such as sexual favours, constitutes extorsion, which is also a criminal offence. For example, a photographer who forces a model into sexual relations by threatening to reveal compromising photographs commits the crime of extorsion.

Perpetrators of sexual assault face sentences up to life imprisonment, depending on the seriousness of the assault.

Contact us